High Pressure Reactor:
A pressure reactor can offer several advantages over the conventional round-bottom flask. Firstly, it can conduct a reaction above the boiling point of a solvent. Secondly, the pressure can reduce the reaction volume, including the liquid phase, and in turn increase concentration and collision frequency, and accelerate a reaction.
Increase in temperature can speed up the desired reaction, but also speed up the decomposition of reagents and starting materials. However, pressure can speed up the desired reaction and only impacts decomposition when it involves the release of a gas or a reaction with a gas in the vessel. When the desired reaction is accelerated, competing reactions are minimized. Pressure generally enables faster reactions with cleaner reaction profiles.
- less solvent and cleaner reaction profile result in less waste
- less solvent is needed
- Short reaction time can save up to 92 percent electricity and 200 gallons of cooling water per refluxed reaction.
- Closed vessel can prevent releasing toxic gas and explosions.